Early Theory of Neuroanatomy
Phrenology, a blend of primitive neuroanatomy and moral philosophy, was popularized in the late 18th Century, and was influential in 19th-century psychiatry. It is now regarded as a pseudoscience. Franz Josef Gall (German, 1758 – 1828), is considered the founder of phrenology. He was a neuroanatomist, physiologist, and pioneer in the study of the localization of mental functions in the brain. His assumption that character, thoughts, and emotions are located in specific parts of the brain is considered an important historical advance toward neuropsychology. The Center for the History of Medicine holds a collection of phrenological heads and related drawings.